Human Rights Intensive Speaker Series: Internment of Migrants in Hot Spots (Italy and Greece) and Refugee Camps (Africa): A Comparative Case Study of Human Rights Violations
July 25 @ 7:00 pm - 9:00 pm
STANFORD SUMMER HUMAN RIGHTS PROGRAM
The Stanford Summer Human Rights Program is an interdisciplinary collaboration that explores emerging issues in human rights through a series of courses, public lectures, and films.
The Human Rights Lecture Series is sponsored by Stanford Summer Session in collaboration with Stanford Continuing Studies. (fulfills the Human Rights Intensive requirement)
Internment of Migrants in Hot Spots (Italy and Greece) and Refugee Camps (Africa): A Comparative Case Study of Human Rights Violations
Every person has a right of movement and circulation. Everyone also has the right to seek asylum. Yet, migrants often, whether they ask for refugee status or not, are incarcerated under the different administrative frameworks.
This raises many legal issues. The legal framework of their administrative detention, the lawfulness of the hot spots under international law, or even closed refugee camps and the international protection of human rights are some of the serious issues that raise important concerns. Confinement without freedom of movement- classically qualified as imprisonment – is considered to be a criminal sanction in most modern societies and is reserved for perpetrators of criminal offenses. Thus, in case of migrants, it constitutes a violation of their rights and freedoms, whether in hot spots in Europe or in refuge camps in Africa.
This lecture aims to analyze specific aspects of each type of detention in light of the European (and global) crisis of migrants and to compare different approaches (in legal aspects but also in humanitarian approaches).
Jelena Aparac, Lecturer in International Law, Legal Adviser in International Humanitarian Law, Refugee Law, and Human Rights
Jelena Aparac is a Lecturer in international humanitarian law at University Paris Ouest for a specialized masters on international organizations and international criminal tribunals. In addition, she is a consultant in international humanitarian law (IHL), refugee law and business and human rights in conflicts. In February 2016, she was selected as Academic Friend for the Advisory Committee of UN Human Rights Council. Previously, she was an Assistant Professor in international humanitarian law, international public law and fundamental freedoms at University Paris Ouest.
She also gave lectures and conferences in several institutions like Harvard Law School, University of Ottawa Faculty of Law, Geneva Academy of international humanitarian law (ADH), The Geneva Centre for Education and Research in Humanitarian Action (CERAH), University Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne, Science Po Paris, University Paris Descartes, Institute for the advanced studies in Nantes, Law Faculty Skopje (Macedonia) and Law Faculty Pristina (Kosovo). She has written several publications in French and English.
Jelena Aparac also worked as a Legal Advisor in international humanitarian law for Doctors Without Borders (MSF) based in Paris where she worked on issues such as protection of medical mission, medico-legal protection of victims of sexual violence and torture in conflict zones, anti terrorist legislations and humanitarian action. Miss Aparac also did several field missions in armed conflict zones, as a Reporting Officer (in South Sudan and DR Congo) and Humanitarian Affairs Advisor (Chad/CAR/Darfur border).
She holds a Master in Law degree in International and European law and a LLM in International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights from the Geneva Academy of international humanitarian law (ADH). She is a Ph.D. candidate in international law.
Her Ph.D. examines the topic of International liability of multinational corporations for crimes committed in non-international armed conflicts. It’s a multidisciplinary approach with aspects of international criminal law, international humanitarian law and “Business and Human Rights” approach in civil wars, combining an academic approach with practical experience from conflict zones.
Her field of research and expertise are:
- International humanitarian law, policy and humanitarian action;
- International human rights and in particular business and human rights in armed conflicts;
- International criminal law (including corporate liability);
- International refugee law (protection of migrants and refugees).